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Thursday, 1 February 2018

Real Time Automatic Irrigation System Project Report

Real Time Automatic Irrigation System Project Report


This Real Time Automatic Irrigation System Project Report is about the Real Time Automatic Irrigation System. The report consists of Introduction, Block Diagram, Interfaces, Soil Moisture Sensor, Solenoid Valve, Relays. The continuous increasing demand of food requires the rapid improvement in food production technology. In a country like India, where the economy is mainly based on agriculture and the climatic conditions are isotropic, still we are not able to make full use of agricultural resources. The main reason is the lack of rains & scarcity of land reservoir water. 
real-time-automatic-irrigation-system-project-reportThe continuous extraction of water from earth is reducing the water level due to which lot of land is coming slowly in the zones of un-irrigated land. Another very important reason of this is due to unplanned use of water due to which a significant amount of water goes to waste. Agriculture is the oldest occupation in the world. We are unable to make full use of agricultural resources. The main reason is the lack of rains and scarcity of land reservoir water. This project helps in time saving and removal of human error in adjusting available soil moisture levels. The goal of this project is to automate the irrigation system with the help of wireless communication. Before having an automatic irrigation system installed, land owners usually are advised to conceptualize and map out a landscape design plan. This map or blueprint will determine the amount of water each lawn section will need.
real-time-automatic-irrigation-system-project-report1The report explained the Real Time Automatic Irrigation System through block diagram. Under interface the sensor, relay and Zigbee interface is defied very clearly and pictorial way. Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the soil usually for assisting in growing crops. In crop production it is mainly used in dry areas and in periods of rainfall shortfalls, but also to protect plants against frost.
TYPES OF IRRIGATION
1. Surface irrigation
2. Localized irrigation
3. Drip Irrigation
4. Sprinkler irrigation

Conclusion:

The Microcontroller based irrigation system proves to be a real time feedback control system which monitors and controls all the activities of drip irrigation system efficiently. The present proposal is a model to modernize the agriculture industries on a small scale with optimum expenditure. Using this system, one can save manpower, water to improve production and ultimately profit.

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