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Friday, 6 July 2018

Google Guice - First Application



Google Guice - First Application

Let's create a sample console based application where we'll demonstrate dependency injection using Guice binding mechanism step by step.

Step 1: Create Interface

//spell checker interface
interface SpellChecker {
   public void checkSpelling();
}

Step 2: Create Implementation

//spell checker implementation
class SpellCheckerImpl implements SpellChecker {
   @Override
   public void checkSpelling() {
      System.out.println("Inside checkSpelling." );
   } 
}

Step 3: Create Bindings Module

//Binding Module
class TextEditorModule extends AbstractModule {
   @Override
   protected void configure() {
      bind(SpellChecker.class).to(SpellCheckerImpl.class);
   } 
}

Step 4: Create Class with dependency

class TextEditor {
   private SpellChecker spellChecker;
   
   @Inject
   public TextEditor(SpellChecker spellChecker) {
      this.spellChecker = spellChecker;
   }
   public void makeSpellCheck() {
      spellChecker.checkSpelling();
   }
}

Step 5: Create Injector

Injector injector = Guice.createInjector(new TextEditorModule());

Step 6: Get Object with dependency fulfilled

TextEditor editor = injector.getInstance(TextEditor.class);

Step 7: Use the object

editor.makeSpellCheck(); 

Complete Example

Create a java class named GuiceTester.
GuiceTester.java
import com.google.inject.AbstractModule;
import com.google.inject.Guice;
import com.google.inject.Inject;
import com.google.inject.Injector;

public class GuiceTester {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      Injector injector = Guice.createInjector(new TextEditorModule());
      TextEditor editor = injector.getInstance(TextEditor.class);
      editor.makeSpellCheck(); 
   } 
}
class TextEditor {
   private SpellChecker spellChecker;

   @Inject
   public TextEditor(SpellChecker spellChecker) {
      this.spellChecker = spellChecker;
   }
   public void makeSpellCheck() {
      spellChecker.checkSpelling();
   }
}

//Binding Module
class TextEditorModule extends AbstractModule {
   @Override
   
   protected void configure() {
      bind(SpellChecker.class).to(SpellCheckerImpl.class);
   } 
}

//spell checker interface
interface SpellChecker {
   public void checkSpelling();
}

//spell checker implementation
class SpellCheckerImpl implements SpellChecker {
   @Override
   
   public void checkSpelling() {
      System.out.println("Inside checkSpelling." );
   } 
}

Output

Compile and run the file, you will see the following output.
Inside checkSpelling.

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