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Thursday, 28 June 2018

Verbal Ability - Nouns

Verbal Ability - Nouns


Definition of a Noun

A noun is the name of a person, place, thing, quality, animal, idea or activity.

For Example

  • Person − Mahima
  • Thing − Disk
  • Animal − Duck
  • Activity − Navigation
  • Place − Delhi
  • Quality − Weight
  • Idea − Intelligence

Types of Nouns

Proper Nouns

The names used for specific things, places, and people. For example — Jon, Paris.

Common Nouns

The names used for things in general. For example — table, house.

Concrete Nouns

The objects that can be identified through one of the five senses. For example – phone, chair.

Abstract Nouns

The names denoting quality, feeling or idea. For example – freedom, justice.

Count Nouns

Count nouns are those that can be counted. They are singular or plural. Plurals usually end with “s.” For example — Singular – Card, Plural – Cards.

Important

Most nouns ending in ‘s’, ‘sh’, ‘o’, or ‘ch’ sounds need an ‘-es’ suffix to be plural. Nouns ending in a consonant followed by ‘y’ become plural by ending with ’ies’.

For Example

  • Singular — Bus (Ends with ‘s’ sound)
    Plural — Buses
  • Singular — Dish (Ends with ‘sh’ sound)
    Plural — Dishes
  • Singular — Potato (Ends with o’ sound)
    Plural — Potatoes
  • Singular — Church (Ends with ‘ch’ sound)
    Plural — Churches
  • Singular — Mystery (Ends with ‘y’ sound)
    Plural — Mysteries

Irregular Nouns

These are nouns that don’t end with either “s” or ‘es’ as suffixes in plural.
For Example
  • Singular — Mouse
    Plural — Mice
  • Singular — Ox
    Plural — Oxen

Uncountable Nouns

These are nouns that cannot be counted and usually do not have a plural form.
For Example
  • Happiness
  • Sand
  • Oil

Collective Nouns

Collective nouns refer to groups of people or things. Unlike uncountable nouns, they can usually be counted, so they usually have plural forms.
For Example
  • Singular — Batch
    Plural — Batches

Possessive Nouns

These names are called possessive as they express ownership. They commonly use “of.” For example – An act of God.
Most singular possessives are formed by adding an apostrophe and “s.” If the noun is plural, the possessive form becomes “s” and apostrophe.
For Example
  • Singular Subject: Boy
  • Singular Possessive: Boy’s
  • Plural Subjects: Boys
  • Singular Possessive: Boys’

Important

If the plural noun does not end with an “s,” the possessive is formed by adding apostrophe and “s.”
For Example
  • Singular Common: Woman
  • Singular Possessive: Woman’s
  • Plural Common: Women
  • Plural Possessive: Women’s
  • Plural Possessive: Oxen’s

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