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Thursday, 1 February 2018

Reusable CAPTCHA Security Engine


Reusable CAPTCHA Security Engine

ABSTRACT
A CAPTCHA (an acronym for "completely automated public Turing test to tell computers and humans apart", trademarked by Carnegie Mellon University) or a MAPTCHA (Mathematical) is a type of challenge-response test used in computing to determine whether or not the user is human. The term was coined in 2000 by Luis von Ahn, Manuel Blum, Nicholas J. Hopper of Carnegie Mellon University, and John Langford of IBM. A common type of CAPTCHA requires that the user type the letters of a distorted image, sometimes with the addition of an obscured sequence of letters or digits that appears on the screen. Because the test is administered by a computer, in contrast to the standard Turing test that is administered by a human, a CAPTCHA is sometimes described as a reverse Turing test. This term, however, is ambiguous because it could also mean a Turing test in which the participants are both attempting to prove they are the computer.
Existing System
The existing system consists of the typing test given to help determine if the person typing is really a human or some bot. It can be an anti-spam device. You must prove yourself a true human posting some message or recommending URL rather than a computer program spamming the universe. The test typically requires you to type in some warped series of letters.
Limitations in Existing System
There is no security in those anti-spam devices, because while transferring URL to that anti-spam device there may be spammers to hack the data.
There is a very long process to type required test into the specified text box to prove user self as human in the registration or form filling process in sites.
Proposed System
The proposed system consists of a CAPTCHA is a program that protects websites against bots by generating and grading tests that humans can pass but current computer programs cannot.
Advantages over Existing System
  • background colors
  • background gradient fill colors
  • fonts (2 default and limited to the amount of font's on your system)
  • font color
  • random character generator (characters can be configured)
  • optional border around the CAPTCHA
  • border color (defaults to black)
  • border thinness (defaults to one)
Overview
A way to tell apart a human from a computer by a test is known as a Turing Test. When a computer program is able to generate such tests and evaluate the result, it is known as a CAPTCHA (Completely Automated Public test to Tell Computers and Humans Apart). In the past, Websites have often been attacked by malicious programs that register for service on massive scale. Programs can be written to automatically consume large amount of Web resources or bias results in on-line voting. This has driven researchers to the idea of CAPTCHA-based security, to ensure that such attacks are not possible without human intervention, which in turn makes them ineffective. CAPTCHA-based security protocols have also been proposed for related issues, e.g., countering Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) attacks on Web servers. A CAPTCHA acts as a security mechanism by requiring a correct answer to a question which only a human can answer any better than a random guess. Humans have speed limitation and hence cannot replicate the impact of an automated program. Thus the basic requirement of a CAPTCHA is that computer programs must be slower than humans in responding correctly. To that purpose, the semantic gap between human understanding and the current level of machine intelligence can be exploited. Most current CAPTCHAs are text-based.
Applications of CAPTCHAs:
CAPTCHAs have several applications for practical security:
Preventing Comment Spam in Blogs:
 Most bloggers are familiar with programs that submit bogus comments, usually for the purpose of raising search engine ranks of some website (e.g., "buy penny stocks here"). This is called comment spam. By using a CAPTCHA, only humans can enter comments on a blog. There is no need to make users sign up before they enter a comment, and no legitimate comments are ever lost!
Protecting Website Registration:
 Several companies (Yahoo!, Microsoft, etc.) offer free email services. Up until a few years ago, most of these services suffered from a specific type of attack: "bots" that would sign up for thousands of email accounts every minute. The solution to this problem was to use CAPTCHAs to ensure that only humans obtain free accounts. In general, free services should be protected with a CAPTCHA in order to prevent abuse by automated scripts.
Protecting Email Addresses From Scrapers:
 Spammers crawl the Web in search of email addresses posted in clear text. CAPTCHAs provide an effective mechanism to hide your email address from Web scrapers. The idea is to require users to solve a CAPTCHA before showing your email address.
Online Polls.:
As is the case with most online polls, IP addresses of voters were recorded in order to prevent single users from voting more than once. However, students at Carnegie Mellon found a way to stuff the ballots using programs that voted for CMU thousands of times. CMU's score started growing rapidly. The next day, students at MIT wrote their own program and the poll became a contest between voting "bots." MIT finished with 21,156 votes, Carnegie Mellon with 21,032 and every other school with less than 1,000. Can the result of any online poll be trusted? Not unless the poll ensures that only humans can vote.
Preventing Dictionary Attacks:
 CAPTCHAs can also be used to prevent dictionary attacks in password systems. The idea is simple: prevent a computer from being able to iterate through the entire space of passwords by requiring it to solve a CAPTCHA after a certain number of unsuccessful logins. This is better than the classic approach of locking an account after a sequence of unsuccessful logins, since doing so allows an attacker to lock accounts at will.
Search Engine Bots:
 It is sometimes desirable to keep web pages unindexed to prevent others from finding them easily. There is an html tag to prevent search engine bots from reading web pages. The tag, however, doesn't guarantee that bots won't read a web page; it only serves to say "no bots, please." Search engine bots, since they usually belong to large companies, respect web pages that don't want to allow them in. However, in order to truly guarantee that bots won't enter a web site, CAPTCHAs are needed.
SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS:
Operating System        :        Windows XP
Languages                  :        Core Java, ServletsJSPs, JDBC, HTML
Data Base                  :       Oracle 10g
Tools                         :        Eclipse / Net Beans.
HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS:
Intel Pentium              :       600 MHz or above.
RAM (SD/DDR)            :       1GB
Hard Disc                   :       30GB

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